By Francis Leroy
Celebrating a century of innovative contributions to our figuring out of lifestyles, the realm, and the universe, this encyclopedic table reference lines the discoveries that earned approximately 500 extraordinary scientists Nobel honours within the components of chemistry, physics and drugs. Preface; concerning the authors; desk of contents; The Nobel Laureates in Chemistry (1901 -- 2001); The Nobel Laureates in Physics (1901 -- 2001); The Nobel Laureates in medication (1901 -- 2001); desk: The Nobel Prize Laureates (1901-2001); Bibliography; photograph and representation credit; Index of Recipients' Names; topic Index
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Extra info for A Century of Nobel Prize Recipients: Chemistry, Physics, and Medicine (Neurological Disease & Therapy)
Nobel Prize for Chemistry, along with John Northrop and Wendell Stanley for successfully purifying and crystallizing certain enzymes, specially ribonuclease. When he was only seventeen, he lost an arm in a shooting accident. He compensated for this handicap by working hard. D. in 1914. In the same year he took up an appointment at the Cornell Medical School where, in 1929, he became professor of biochemistry. As he was studying urease, the enzyme catalysing the decomposition of urea to ammonia and car- RNA Citrulline Argininosuccinate Arginine Ornithine Mosaic tobacco virus Proteins Tobacco mosaic virus.
Wieland showed, for example, that substances like methylene blue can oxidise a molecule by removing hydrogen, without any intervention of oxygen. His work on bile acids, for which he received the Nobel Prize, proved particularly Cholesterol. It is an essential component of biological membranes. It is also a raw material for substances like steroid hormones, bile salts as well as some insect hormones like ecdysone. The molecule was extensively studied by Konrad E. Bloch who showed that acetate was a precursor.
This gave him the opportunity to make major improvements to “Wilson's chamber", an instrument sho-wing the trajectory of ionising radiation. D. in science in 1930 he was appointed lecturer at the Paris Faculty of - 38 - Harold Urey, Stanley Miller and the origin of life. This image symbolizes the possible passage from the inert world to the highly organized world characteristic of living beings. - 39 - Sciences. Irène Curie and Frédéric Joliot collaborated on research on the structure of atom. Their most significant discovery was artificial radioactivity, from which humanity was to benefit from 1934 onward.