MASTERKEYHOLDINGS.COM E-books

Petroleum

Advances in biorefineries: Biomass and waste supply chain by Keith W. Waldron

By Keith W. Waldron

This booklet offers a complete and systematic reference at the complex biomass restoration and conversion methods utilized in biorefineries. the 1st a part of the e-book reports advancements in biorefining methods, via a evaluate of alternative kinds of biorefinery platform. the second one 1/2 the ebook discusses the wide variety of further worth items from biorefineries, from biofuel to biolubricants and bioadhesives.

Show description

Read Online or Download Advances in biorefineries: Biomass and waste supply chain exploitation PDF

Similar petroleum books

Subsea Pipelines and Risers (Ocean Engineering)

• up-to-date variation of a best-selling name • writer brings 25 years event to the paintings • Addresses the major problems with economic system and surroundings Marine pipelines for the transportation of oil and gasoline became a secure and trustworthy approach to make the most the dear assets lower than the world’s seas and oceans.

Fundamentals of Polymerization

Over the past 20 years, the sphere of the chemistry of polymerization witnessed huge, immense progress during the improvement of recent options, catalysts, procedures and so on. Examples are: non classical residing polymerizations (group move polymerization, residing carbocationic polymerization, dwelling radical polymerization and residing ring-opening metathesis polymerization (ROMP)); new catalysts (metallocenes and past due transition steel catalysts for stereospecific polymerization, Schrock and Grubbs catalyst for ROMP between others) and new techniques comparable to miniemulsion, microemulsion polymerization and dispersion polymerization (in polar solvents).

Hydraulic Fracturing Explained. Evaluation, Implementation, and Challenges

Rocks mechanics legend Erle Donaldson, in addition to colleagues Waqi Alam and Nasrin Begum from the oil and fuel advisor corporation Tetrahedron, have authored this guide on up to date basics and more moderen know-how used in the course of a standard hydraulic fracturing approach. intended for technical and non-technical execs drawn to the topic of hydraulic fracturing, the e-book offers a transparent and easy rationalization of the expertise and similar matters to advertise the secure improvement of petroleum reserves resulting in strength independence in the course of the global.

Shared earth modeling : knowledge driven solutions for building and managing subsurface 3D geological models

During the last 20 years, earth modeling has develop into a big investigative software for comparing the possibility of hydrocarbon reservoirs. present modeling techniques offer no strategy to hyperlink a number info and interpretations with a last earth version, and sharing and replacing information regarding the version construction technique is at the moment an immense trouble.

Extra resources for Advances in biorefineries: Biomass and waste supply chain exploitation

Example text

Inherently safer chemistry for accident prevention Substances and the form of a substance used in a chemical process should be chosen to minimize the potential for chemical accidents, including releases, explosions and fires. Green chemistry, biorefineries and second generation strategies 5 • the use and production of non-hazardous raw materials and products, • safer and more energy efficient processes, and • the use of renewable feedstocks. Efficiency is the key, and green chemistry has continued developing around the principles, which guide both academia and industry in their pursuit of more sustainable processes.

Biorefineries falling into that category can also be called ‘product-driven biorefineries’. They generate two or more bio‑based products and the residue is used to produce energy (either fuel, power and/or heat). Examples of phase III biorefineries include whole crop biorefineries which make use of several agricultural by-products originating from the same crop. 3 Most common thermochemical and biochemical processes Mechanical processes Biochemical processes Chemical processes Thermochemical processes Pressing Milling (size reduction processes) Pelletization Distillation Extraction Anaerobic digestion Aerobic and anaerobic fermentation Enzymatic conversion Hydrolysis (basic or acidic) Transesterification and esterification Hydrogenation Oxidation Methanization Steam reforming Water-gas shift Heterogeneous and homogeneous catalysis Water elecrolysis Pulping Pyrolysis Gasification Combustion Steam explosion Hydrothermal upgrading Supercritical ones targeting the production of chemicals and fuels.

Biomass with a high acid, alkali metal and water content can be difficult to use in conventional thermal treatments: the high water content can render pyrolysis or gasification processes very difficult and the acidity of the feedstock can limit the applications of the pyrolysis oil obtained, for example. Microwave technology has been studied for the pyrolysis of straw. , 2009). The properties of the oil obtained could also be modified by using additives during the heating phase, showing how microwave technology is versatile and can offer an alternative to conventional thermal processes.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.74 of 5 – based on 47 votes