An Introductory Philosophy of Medicine: Humanizing Modern by James A. Marcum

By James A. Marcum

During this publication the writer explores the transferring philosophical barriers of contemporary clinical wisdom and perform occasioned through the predicament of quality-of-care, specially by way of a number of the humanistic changes to the biomedical version. hence he examines the metaphysical, epistemological, and moral barriers of those clinical types. He starts off with their metaphysics, examining the metaphysical positions and presuppositions and ontological commitments upon which scientific wisdom and perform is based. subsequent, he considers the epistemological concerns that face those scientific versions, relatively these pushed via methodological techniques undertaken by means of epistemic brokers to represent clinical wisdom and perform. ultimately, he examines the axiological limitations and the moral implications of every version, in particular when it comes to the physician-patient courting. In a concluding Epilogue, he discusses how the philosophical research of the humanization of contemporary medication is helping to handle the crisis-of-care, in addition to the query of what's medicine?
The e-book s distinctive positive aspects comprise a entire insurance of a number of the subject matters within the philosophy of medication that experience emerged during the last numerous many years and a philosophical context for embedding bioethical discussions. The e-book s aim audiences contain either undergraduate and graduate scholars, in addition to healthcare execs philosophers.

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Extra resources for An Introductory Philosophy of Medicine: Humanizing Modern Medicine (Philosophy and Medicine) (Philosophy and Medicine)

Example text

E. their ability to prompt questions about the world, is independent of their truth-value; rather, this efficacy depends upon their being supposed. Thus, absolute presuppositions are required for framing questions about the natural world and are thereby critical for an analysis of the natural sciences. There are a number of important absolute presuppositions that ground the activity of practitioners in the biomedical sciences. These include reductionism, determinism, and emergentism, to name but a few.

In this chapter, the notion of causation is examined first, followed by the notion of realism. 1 Causation Any discussion of causation in the western tradition must begin with the Greeks. In Metaphysics, for example, Aristotle (2001) distinguished four causes responsible for natural phenomena: material, formal, efficient or artificer, and final or teleological. His list represents a culmination of the pre-Socratics’ and Plato’s discussion of causation. The material cause involves the substance or matter out of which an object is made, while the formal cause pertains to the plan or design by which it is made.

Other examples of scientific worldviews include the Newtonian worldview in which the world is viewed as a giant machine or the Darwinian worldview in which the biological world is viewed as evolving entities. Thus, scientific worldviews are defined by their fundamental beliefs and commitments to how the world is and how to investigate its nature. 1 For an extensive discussion of the origins and use of the notion of worldview, see Naugle (2002). 2 Dilthey (1960) identified three recurrent worldviews in history: naturalism or the material world, idealism or freedom of personal agency, and objective idealism or monism.

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