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Anglo-Norman Studies V: Proceedings of the Battle Conference by R. Allen Brown

By R. Allen Brown

Norman Romanesque Sculpture: nearby teams; Roman de Rouand the Norman Conquest; Bayeux Tapestry; army carrier earlier than 1066; England and Byzantium; Abbatiale de Bernay; Sompting Church; William's Sheriffs; the home of Redvers and its Foundations; Anglo-Norman Verse; The Umfravilles in Northumberland; Chronicon ex Chronicis; improvement of Stamford; family members among Crown and Episcopacy. M. BAYLE;, M. BENNETT, D. BERNSTEIN, M. CHIBNALL, ok. CIGGAAR, R.R. DARLINGTON, J. DECAENS, R. GEM, J. eco-friendly, S.F. HOCKEY, R.C. JOHNSTON, L. willing, P. McGURK, C. MAHANY, D. ROFFE, D. WALKER. sixty four plates, figs.

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But there is also another interesting parallel with Wace's own day. In the 1160s, Henry I1 was attempting t o define the extent and nature of military service owed to the Crown, and he was keen t o revise thcsc obligations at a higher level. His enquiries resulted in the 'Cartae Baronum' of 1166, and roused concerted baronial opposition in 1168, as they asserted that they owed only traditional knight-service. Henry's attempt to do the same in Normandy in 1172. 67 Clearly the discussion of military obligations was an important political issue when Wace wrote.

See also A. lQRge~ d'histoire du Moyendge, ed. A. Luctiaire, Paris 1897, 1, 1-38. 2 5 P. Jonin, 'Le climat de croisade des chansons de geste', Cizhlers de Civilhtian Mkdikvnle, VII, 1963, 279-88, esp. 284-5. 5691-4. 50-1. 7206, 8585-88. 7403-41. 28 Anglo-Norman Studies V The Normans are forced back, but a potential rout is prevented by the efforts of bishop Odo. The Norman archers then Fie high into the air, so that their arrows drop onto the heads of the English. Many are wounded in the face by this tactic, including Harold, who is struck above the eye.

Harold can be nothing less than treacherous then, when he is required to take the oath. Wace places the oath-swearing at Bayeux (as does the Tapestry, contradicting the Latin sources), and confirms Edward's fears that William would ensnare Harold. For, as he describes the scene, the reliquary is hidden under drapes, on top of which is placed a valuable philactery. This is described as the 'Bull's Eye', as in the Brevis Relatio, (and as Professor Bernstein has identified, is so shown on the T a p e ~ t r y ) .

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