International Relations

Arms Races in International Politics: From the Nineteenth to by Thomas Mahnken, Joseph Maiolo, David Stevenson

By Thomas Mahnken, Joseph Maiolo, David Stevenson

This quantity presents the 1st accomplished historical past of the palms racing phenomenon in smooth overseas politics, drawing either on theoretical methods and at the newest ancient study. Written via a global staff of experts, it truly is divided into 4 sections: sooner than 1914; the inter-war years; the chilly warfare; and extra-European and post-Cold struggle fingers races. Twelve case stories research land and naval armaments sooner than the 1st global conflict; air, land, and naval pageant throughout the Twenties and Nineteen Thirties; and nuclear in addition to traditional guns considering 1945. Armaments regulations are put in the context of technological improvement, overseas politics and international relations, and social politics and economics. a longer common creation and end and introductions to every part supply coherence among the really expert chapters and draw out wider implications for policymakers and for political scientists. Arms Races in overseas Politics addresses key questions: what factors fingers races and what's the relationship among fingers races and the outbreak of wars?

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Extra resources for Arms Races in International Politics: From the Nineteenth to the Twenty-First Century

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Fear God and Dread Nought: The Correspondence of Admiral of the Fleet Lord Fisher of Kilverstone 3 vols. (London, 1952–9), i, p. 114. 28 Matthew S. Seligmann financial write downs should any innovations cause existing assets to become ­obsolete and the greatest additional expense should those assets thereby need ­replacing. A steady reactive approach rather than an adventurous pro-active policy, therefore, seemed to him self-evidently preferable. Many agreed, with the result that prior to Fisher’s assumption of the post of First Sea Lord, the British naval leadership had frequently been wary of, if not downright hostile to pushing the pace of change when it came to ship design.

8 million in 1904–5, the year in which Fisher became First Sea Lord. 7 million, an increase of over 32 per cent. Given that Britain had a government committed to reducing expenditure on the armed forces in order to free up resources for social programmes, this was a massive and unwelcome expansion. Nevertheless, the understandable opposition of Chancellor of the Exchequer, David Lloyd George, 29 Churchill and Seely, ‘Expenditure on Aeronautics’, no date [printed February 1914], TNA, ADM 116/3152.

TNA, ADM 116/1294B. The Anglo-German Naval Race, 1898–1914 27 The fear that the Novelle heralded a change in German naval policy spurred the British Admiralty into action. Churchill’s putative budget-trimming measures were swiftly jettisoned and, as is well known, ways were found to keep ever more British vessels in full commission in home waters. However, much to the Admiralty’s relief, the German challenge in war preparedness did not prove nearly as testing as had been feared. As events were to show, it was one thing to plan an increase in naval personnel, but it was quite another to bring this into effect, especially if the desired additional manpower was in specialist areas like petty officers, engineers, or higher technical ratings.

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