By T.F. Yen, G.V. Chilingarian
This can be the second one quantity within the sequence of Asphaltenes and Asphalts. because the book of the 1st quantity in 1994, there was an important development in our wisdom. wisdom of either asphaltenes and asphalts is required through numerous disciplines, and infrequently the growth is dictated through interdisciplinary sciences and know-how. This contains fabric sciences, gas sciences, chemical engineering, civil engineering, environmental engineering, polymer sciences, transportation engineering, petroleum engineering, chemistry, geological sciences, physics, geochemistry rheology, organic sciences, tribology, soil sciences, petroleum technology. the improvement during this box isn't in line with our wisdom of chemistry or petroleum engineering on my own, as many chemists and petroleum engineers think. during this quantity, for that reason, major contributions from assorted disciplines were incorporated.
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Additional resources for Asphaltenes and Asphalts, Vol. 2 (Development in Petroleum Science)
Chain Bundle C. Particle D. Micelle E. WeakLink F. Gap and Hole G. Intracluster H. Intercluster 1. Resin J . Single Layer K. Petroporphyrin L. Metal (M) Fig. 3- I . General features of the macrostructure of petroleum-derived asphaltenes and related substances [ I I. Reproduced with permission. F. YEN 31 Metals classijications Professor Yen and coworkers were some of the first to recognize that metals in petroleum appear to be grouped into two types, the petroporphyrins and the nonporphyrins , based on spectroscopic, reactivity, and separation properties.
Petroleum Formation and Occurrence, A New Approach to Oil and Gas Exploration. Springer, Berlin (1978). , Biological markers in grahamites and pyrobitumens. F. M. Harwood Academic, Chur ( 1988). J. , Classification of asphalt types by asphaltene aromaticity. K. F. xplorafion, Recovery, Refining and Production Processes. Plenum Press, New York, p. 63 (1994). , Studies on New Electrophilic Functionalization of Hydrocarbons. D. Dissertation, University of Southern California (1990). G. , Anal. , 24: 694 (1962).
Another striking fact is that the only major commercial application of Rozel Point tar lies in its medicinal use. It has the name ichthyoleums or ichthyol or ichthamnol. These names of Latin and Greek origin are based on Sumarian, and again the Sumarian name is very close to Chinese (see Table 2-5, maybe Chinese origin). Ichthyoleum is widely used as an ointment for skin lesions. In China, the major ingredient of a black salve or balm called ‘Go Pi Gao Yo’ is made from either the tar of the coastal regions or from pitch and tar, first sulfonated and neutralized with ammonia.