By G. Bischof
On the peak of the 1st chilly struggle within the early Fifties, the Western powers nervous that occupied Austria may develop into 'Europe's Korea' and feared a Communist takeover. The Soviets exploited their profession quarter for optimum reparations. American monetary relief assured Austria's survival and fiscal reconstruction. Their army counsel became Austria right into a 'secret best friend' of the West. Austrian international relations performed a necessary position in securing the Austrian treaty in bilateral negotiations with Stalin's successors within the Kremlin demonstrating the leverage of the vulnerable within the chilly warfare.
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Extra resources for Austria in the First Cold War, 1945–55: The Leverage of the Weak
They were quoted as saying: ··1 do not care how the war ends. " 6 " The turning point came during 1943, with massive defeats of the German Army starting at Stalingrad, Kursk, in Tunisia and Sicily. Popular opinion in the Ostnwrk turned more desperate as a result of these devastating defeats; yet it never cracked. Late in 1943 the American OSS reported that Austrians complained about being turned into the Reich's air-raid shelter. "Swarms of Germans" were removed from the populated areas of the Reich to the Ost111ark and German factories were relocated into the Alps; this in turn invited more severe Allied bombing raids which started to aggravate the situation in Austria further.
The US had already accepted a zone in southern Germany in the German zonal division in the early autumn of 1944, so no logistical obstacles existed any longer to refuse a zone in Austria adjoining the German one. Moreover. the Red Army was 1111ilatcm/ly establishing puppet governments in Rumania and Bulgaria. Moscow was thus displaying the principle that "there must be reasonable sharing in occupation if there is to be an effective sharing of political authority". The Bulgarian case was already demonstrating that only ·'physical participation·· would make American views felt and interests respected.
114 In the final weeks of 1944 Winant at last convinced Roosevelt and the American military leaders to accept a zone in Austria. The US had already accepted a zone in southern Germany in the German zonal division in the early autumn of 1944, so no logistical obstacles existed any longer to refuse a zone in Austria adjoining the German one. Moreover. the Red Army was 1111ilatcm/ly establishing puppet governments in Rumania and Bulgaria. Moscow was thus displaying the principle that "there must be reasonable sharing in occupation if there is to be an effective sharing of political authority".