By David H Guston
Combining political-economic, sociological, and old methods, Professor Guston presents a coherent new framework for reading the altering courting among politics and technology within the usa. After global battle II, the "social agreement for technological know-how" assumed that the integrity and productiveness of analysis have been computerized; a trust that persisted for 4 a long time. yet within the Eighties, circumstances of misconduct in technology and flagging financial functionality broke the belief among politics and technology. New "boundary agencies" have been created to fix the connection among scientists and politicians.
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Extra resources for Between Politics and Science : Assuring the Productivity and Integrity of Research
The institutions of governance were not created to govern science alone. 2 We need some understanding of the broader structure of policy making in order to understand the specific structure of science policy making. Fortunately, principal-agent theory provides such a broader structure because, as discussed below, the problems of delegation are not limited to scientific agents, although they may be exacerbated by them. An account of science policy must also be informed by an account of science in general.
Responsible both to political principals in Congress and in the scientific community, ORI is an example of what I call a boundary organization. Its existence is evidence that the scheme for the automatic management of scientific integrity under the social contract for science has been overthrown and replaced by a more formal system of incentives and monitoring, as the principal-agent framework would suggest. ORI represents a new space for science policy by being a formal mechanism for the management of scientific integrity, and by internalizing the boundary between science and politics over the issue of adjudicating research misconduct.
Such bureaucrats would hunt for waste, fraud, and abuse, and they would share in any amount of money they saved their principal. This scenario of sharing residuals with cooperative bureaucrats is the logic behind Gutman's offer to Spade of a percentage of the sale of the bird. 17 The Two-way Street In the principal-agent literature on the relationship between Congress and the bureaucracy, Niskanen represents what is generally known as the "bureaucratic dominance" school of thought, which emphasizes the asymmetry of information and the consequent and costly autonomy of the bureaucracy.