Biocultural Diversity in Europe (Environmental History,

The e-book collects a variety of the papers offered on the assembly held within the context of the Joint Programme at the hyperlinks among organic and Cultural range (JP-BiCuD). spotting the inextricable hyperlink among organic and cultural variety, the United international locations academic medical and Cultural association (UNESCO) and the Secretariat of the conference on organic range (SCBD) joined forces, and in 2010 introduced the Joint Programme at the hyperlinks among organic and Cultural range (JP-BiCuD). the 1st assembly for the implementation of the JP-BiCuD was once held in Florence (Italy) in April 2014 and produced the UNESCO-sCBD Florence announcement, which highlights the concept that of biocultural range. the ecu rural territory is predominantly a biocultural, multi-functional panorama, supplying an important and potent area for integration of organic and cultural variety, suggesting the necessity to revise a number of the present recommendations for the evaluation and administration of biodiversity.

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This fragmented landscape is both temporally and spatially heterogeneous because of its environmental, climatic and topographic variability and its interactions with various historic events and cultures (Naveh and Liebermann 1994; Cowling et al. 1996; Pinto-Correia and Vos 2004; Blondel 2006). These interwoven semi-natural and cultivated landscapes have been the cradle of man’s relationship with nature for thousands of years and are real biodiversity hotspots due to their exceptional number of endemic and cultivated species.

Probably the first representation of a garden design that is still repeated today, for example in the “jardini” of Pantelleria (Southern Italy) or in Folegandros (Southern Greece) (source Venturi Ferriolo 1989) and complicated, in terms of its spatial and structural complexity, its organizational forms and in the plants present in it. ). In fact, for the Mediterranean gardens of Biblical Palestine, to those of Homeric Greece, to the Roman horti, to the noharia, sanya, xirba and bahira of Islamic Sicily, crop specialization (specialized or mixed) is defined differently according to time and place.

G. Braudel 1986). The city of Alesa is located on one of the foothills of the Tyrrhenian Nebrodi Mountains in a position close to the coast (see Fig. 4). The heterogeneous physiographic and environmental characteristics, following a hypothetical NS transect, clearly show that the territorial complexity results from the contact between very different environments, ranging from coastal to mountain ones. A great morphological diversity is expressed by plateaus, hills, summits, coastal and sub-coastal areas, rivers, etc.

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