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This Biographical Dictionary seeks to place the area of know-how within the context of these who've made an important contribution to it. For the 1st time info has been amassed at the those who have made the main major advances in know-how. From precedent days to the current day, the foremost inventors, discoverers and marketers from around the globe are profiled, and their contribution to society defined and assessed. constitution The Dictionary offers descriptive and analytical biographies of its matters in alphabetical order for ease of reference. every one access presents specific info at the individual's lifestyles, paintings and relevance to their specific box. * within the first a part of the access, the knowledge will contain the dates and areas of the subject's delivery and dying, including their nationality and their box of job * primarily physique of the access there follows an account in their important achievements and their importance within the historical past of expertise, besides complete info of appointments and honours * eventually an annotated bibliography will direct the reader to the subject's valuable writings and courses and to an important secondary works which the reader can seek advice for additional details. precise good points: * the 1st paintings in lifestyles to check technologists intimately * comprises over 1,500 entries giving targeted details * large cross-references allow the reader to check matters and building up an image of technological boost^ * Figures drawn from fields corresponding to Aeronautics, Telecommunications, structure, images and Textiles
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Extra resources for Biographical Dictionary of the History of Technology
Principal Honours and Distinctions Institution of Radio Engineers Medal of Honour 1917. Franklin Medal 1937. IERE Edison Medal 1942. American Medal for Merit 1947. Bibliography 1922, ‘Some recent developments in regenerative circuits’, Proceedings of the Institute of Radio Engineers 10:244. 1924, ‘The superheterodyne. Its origin, developments and some recent improvements’, Proceedings of the Institute of Radio Engineers 12:549. 1936, ‘A method of reducing disturbances in radio signalling by a system of frequency modulation’, Proceedings of the Institute of Radio Engineers 24:689.
USA American inventor of the knotting mechanism used on early binders and still found on modern baling machines. As a young man John Appleby worked as a labourer for a farmer near Whitewater in Wisconsin. He was 18 when the farmer bought a new reaping machine. Appleby believed that the concept had not been progressed far enough and that the machine should be able to bind sheaths as well as to cut the corn. It is claimed that while watching a dog playing with a skipping rope he noticed a particular knot created as the dog removed its head from the loop that had passed over it, and recognized the potential of the way in which this knot had been formed.
Stover, 1961, American Railroads , Chicago: University of Chicago Press. White Jr, 1994, ‘Old debts and new visions’, in Common Roots—Separate Branches , London: Science Museum, 79–82. PJGR Allen, John F. b. 1829 England d. ), USA English inventor of the Allen valve used on his pioneering high-speed engines. Allen was taken to the United States from England when he was 12 years old. He became an engineer on the Curlew, a freight boat running between New York and Providence. A defect which caused the engine to race in rough weather led Allen to invent a new valve gear, but he found it could not be fitted to the Corliss engine.