Basic Sciences

Blastocystis: Pathogen or Passenger?: An Evaluation of 101 by Heinz Mehlhorn, Kevin S. W. Tan, Hisao Yoshikawa

By Heinz Mehlhorn, Kevin S. W. Tan, Hisao Yoshikawa

The levels of Blastocystis were identified for a hundred and one years. despite the fact that, many proof are nonetheless disputed, e.g. even the query if it is a real pathogen or a commensal found in occasionally life-threatening diarrheas.

The current booklet evaluates in chapters contributed through well known researchers the most recent findings on:

•Landmarks within the discovery of Blastocystis

•Epidemiology, transmission and zoonotic potential

•Morphology of human and animal Blastocystis isolates

•Clinical facets of Blastocystis infections

•Behavioral selection research: what makes us sick?

•Blastocystis-host interactions

•Molecular ways at the systematical position

•Genetic polymorphism

•Blastocystis from a statistical element of view

•Diarrheas as a result of diverse brokers of disease

•Zoonotic illnesses in comparison

As such, this ebook presents a large diversity of knowledge for individuals operating during this box, for physicians and veterinarians who're faced with scientific instances, lecturers, scholars and technical employees contributors within the fields of microbiology, parasitology and diagnostic methods.

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Extra info for Blastocystis: Pathogen or Passenger?: An Evaluation of 101 Years of Research

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Vet Parasitol 169:8–17 Pegelow K, Gross R, Pietrzik K, Lukito W, Richards AL, Fryauff DJ (1997) Parasitological and nutritional situation of school children in the Sukaraja district, West Java, Indonesia. Southeast Asia J Trop Med Public Health 28:173–190 Pe´rez Cordo´n G, Hitos Prados A, Romero D, Sa´nchez Moreno M, Pontes A, Osuna A, Rosales MJ (2008) Intestinal parasitism in the animals of the zoological garden “Pen˜a Escrita” (Almun˜ecar, Spain). Vet Parasitol 156:302–309 3 Epidemiology, Transmission, and Zoonotic Potential of Blastocystis.

1998) Chen et al. 1 % (Japan) 80 % (Singapore) Lee and Stenzel (1999) Yamada et al. (1987) Ponce Gordo et al. (2002) Abe et al. (2002) Abe et al. (2002) Teow et al. (1992) Yoshikawa et al. (2004b) Zaman et al. (1993) Blastocystis organism is also commonly isolated from a variety of members of the Animal Kingdom, including mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, and insects. 2). In mammals, domestic pigs and cattle, and zoo, wild, or pet primates are commonly infected with Blastocystis. In birds, domestic chickens and ostriches, and zoo pheasants and ducks are also frequently infected with Blastocystis.

41 and tortoises from zoo animals in Singapore (Teow et al. 1992). In amphibians, Blastocystis was common in the wild frogs, while it was totally negative in the wild newts in Japan (Yoshikawa et al. 2004b). In insects, Blastocystis is commonly isolated from sewer cockroaches in Singapore (Zaman et al. 1993). Therefore, a unique unicellular parasite, Blastocystis, may be one of the morphologically indistinguishable organisms adapted widely among the Animal Kingdom. 3 The Mode of Transmission The actual mode of transmission of Blastocystis infection among wild animals and between human-to-human or animal-to-human is not conclusively demonstrated.

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